CZAS TERAŹNIEJSZY – PRESENT TENSE
In Polish we can distinguish one tense from another by the ending of the verb. The endings also allow us to tell who is speaking, which is why we don’t use pronouns (ja/ty/on – I/you/he etc.) as much.
When it comes to the czas teraźniejszy – Present Tense, I have mixed news for you – good and bad.
Let’s start with the good one 🙂
The good news for you is that in Polish there is only one tense to describe the action in the Present, which is why in the heading I translated it as ‘Present Tense’ not ‘Present Simple’, ‘Present Continuous’ or ‘Present Perfect’. There is no distinction between them all. We can tell by the context when the particular situation takes place.
And now it’s time for a bad one…
Remember when I said at the beginning that the ending of the verb tells you who is the speaker (woman or a man)? Well.. for some reason that rule does not apply to the czas teraźniejszy… Don’t ask me why, I have not invented the Polish language 🙂 You need to rely either on the context or on przymiotniki -adjectives describing the author of the text (if there are any 🙂 ).
Also, the verbs in czas teraźniejszy have 4 different types of conjugations… To make it easier for you I put them in the table below. Following the given examples try to conjugate the rest of the verbs! Powodzenia – Good luck!